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What is SLAP lesion?

A SLAP lesion, also known as SLAP tear, is an injury to the Glenoid labrum, which is the ring cartilage that surrounds the socket of the shoulder joint. SLAP is an acronym for Superior Labral tear from Anterior to Posterior.

What can cause a SLAP lesion/SLAP tear?

Injuries to this tissue rim surrounding the shoulder socket can occur from acute trauma or repetitive shoulder motion. Examples of traumatic injury may include:
  • Falling on your outstretched arm
  • A direct blow to the shoulder
  • A sudden pull (or catch), when trying to lift a heavy object
  • A jerk during an overhead reach, when trying to stop a slide or fall.
  • As is clear from the above reasons, people who actively use their arms for lifting and sports persons are more prone to a SLAP tear.